About Cape Verde Islands

About

Santiago

Santiago is the largest and most populous island of Cape Verde, home to the capital city, Praia. It is the political and economic center of the archipelago, with a rich history that includes Cidade Velha, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Santiago boasts diverse geography, with mountains, lush valleys, and beautiful beaches. The island is vibrant with culture, marked by traditional music, dance, and cuisine.

Santo Antão

Known for its mountainous landscapes and hiking trails, Santo Antão is a paradise for nature lovers. The island is famous for its breathtaking views, deep valleys, and picturesque villages. Agriculture is predominant, with sugar cane, coffee, and tropical fruit plantations. The warm hospitality of the locals is a notable characteristic.

São Vicente

São Vicente is culturally rich and home to Mindelo, considered the cultural capital of Cape Verde. The island is known for its festivals, particularly Carnival and the Baía das Gatas Festival. The nightlife is vibrant, with live music in bars and restaurants. Beaches like Praia da Laginha are popular among visitors.

Sal

Sal is one of Cape Verde’s most touristic islands, famous for its white sandy beaches and crystal-clear waters. The town of Santa Maria is the main tourist destination, with resorts, restaurants, and water activities like kite surfing and diving. The island also features the Pedra de Lume Salt Pans, where visitors can float in salty lagoons.

Boa Vista

Boa Vista is known for its extensive golden sandy beaches and sand dunes. The island is a popular destination for tourists seeking tranquility and natural beauty. Tourism is the main economic activity, with highlights like the Rabil Resort and beaches such as Praia de Chaves. Boa Vista is also an important nesting site for sea turtles.

São Nicolau

São Nicolau combines mountains and valleys with a mild climate, ideal for agriculture. The island is less touristy, offering a more authentic experience. Ribeira Brava is the administrative center. São Nicolau is known for its cultural traditions, such as Carnival, and hiking trails that offer impressive panoramic views.

Maio

Maio is a tranquil island with beautiful beaches and a serene atmosphere. The main town is Vila do Maio. The island is perfect for those seeking relaxation and a connection with nature. The local economy is based on fishing and agriculture. The beaches are less crowded, making it an ideal escape from the hustle and bustle.

Fogo

Fogo is dominated by the imposing Pico do Fogo, an active volcano that is the island’s main attraction. São Filipe is the main town, known for its colonial architecture. Coffee and wine plantations are characteristic of the local economy. The volcanic landscapes offer a unique setting, with challenging trails and spectacular views.

Brava

Brava is the smallest inhabited island and is known as the “Island of Flowers” due to its lush vegetation. The island is less developed in terms of tourism, providing a peaceful retreat. The town of Nova Sintra is charming with its colonial houses. Brava is accessible only by boat, contributing to its serene and untouched atmosphere.

Santa Luzia

Santa Luzia is uninhabited and preserves an untouched natural environment. The island is a natural reserve, protected for its marine and terrestrial biodiversity. Visited mainly by scientists and adventurers, Santa Luzia offers a unique opportunity to explore the wild and preserved nature of Cape Verde.

The discovery dates and discoverers of the Cape Verde islands:

Island

Discovery Date

Discoverer(s)

Santiago

1460

António de Noli

Santo Antão

1462

Diogo Afonso and António de Noli

São Vicente

1462

Diogo Afonso and António de Noli

Sal

1460

Diogo Gomes and António de Noli

Boa Vista

1460

Diogo Gomes and António de Noli

São Nicolau

1461

Diogo Afonso

Maio

1460

Diogo Gomes and António de Noli

Fogo

1460

Diogo Gomes and António de Noli

Brava

1462

Diogo Afonso and António de Noli

Santa Luzia

1462

Diogo Afonso and António de Noli

santo-antao-cape-verde-landscape-with-palm-trees-2023-11-27-05-05-24-utc

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Explore Cape Verde from Santo Antão to Brava

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